Posts Tagged ‘vote’

How the DC Internet voting pilot was hacked

Wednesday, October 6th, 2010

University of Michigan professor J. Alex Halderman explains how his research group compromised the Washington DC online voting pilot in his blog post, Hacking the D.C. Internet Voting Pilot.

“The District of Columbia is conducting a pilot project to allow overseas and military voters to download and return absentee ballots over the Internet. Before opening the system to real voters, D.C. has been holding a test period in which they’ve invited the public to evaluate the system’s security and usability. … Within 36 hours of the system going live, our team had found and exploited a vulnerability that gave us almost total control of the server software, including the ability to change votes and reveal voters’ secret ballots. In this post, I’ll describe what we did, how we did it, and what it means for Internet voting.”

The problem was a shell-injection vulnerability that involved the procedure used to upload absentee ballots. Halderman concludes

“The specific vulnerability that we exploited is simple to fix, but it will be vastly more difficult to make the system secure. We’ve found a number of other problems in the system, and everything we’ve seen suggests that the design is brittle: one small mistake can completely compromise its security. I described above how a small error in file-extension handling left the system open to exploitation. If this particular problem had not existed, I’m confident that we would have found another way to attack the system.”